Extractives Industry

Extractives industry has a huge impact on the countries’ economy and environmental profile. It is responsible for a huge amount of greenhouse gas emissions, but extractive industries are generally focused on one sector of the global energy mix i.e. coal. Extractives are an important player in the global carbon market.

The extractives sector produces a large proportion of the world’s natural gas, oil and coal and thus responsible for global greenhouse gas emissions. Because of this fact it is necessary that extractives industry develops and implements social and environmental policies as part of their corporate responsibility. By doing so they can build a sustainable future while reducing their own carbon footprint.

Extractive industries have a mixed bag of social and environmental impacts. One of the most significant is the air pollution caused by the processing, treatment and transportation of these fuels. It can lead to serious health conditions such as asthma and other respiratory illnesses. As well, the fumes from fuel combustion do affect the climate. A recent study estimated that if the current trend continues; extractives could account for up to 40% of the global increase in atmospheric CO2.

Extractives also have negative environmental impacts due to their proximity to waste water. In the extraction process for example acid rain causes a lot of damage to the soil and vegetation. This process can’t be stopped completely but companies are required by law to install proper weather and carbon adaptation strategies. This helps to reduce the damage and keep the environment safe.

Energy generation from extractives is high but still considered to be inefficient compared to other fossil fuel alternatives. Oil drilling is one of the main causes for air pollution. However, advances in energy technology mean that this problem is moving to the back of the agenda. Unfortunately, because extracting oil and gas is still seen as a business opportunity for many in the rural communities are still not aware of the environmental and social implications of the industry. They also tend to see extraction as providing jobs, which is not always the case.

Mining requires large amounts of water, both for drying and for cleaning up the site after the work is finished. Water is needed for pumping out waste from the mines, which leads to further pollution. Some areas become unfit for mining, especially those that are located near rivers and streams. The river and stream water can carry toxic chemicals, including heavy metals, into the area where the extractives are located. The water must be cleaned and the metals taken away safely to prevent these metals from getting into groundwater and the water supply.

Chemical additives and solvents are used in extractives. These chemicals can contribute to the contamination of land and water supplies. They are known to cause damage to the forest when used for fire treatment. They also contribute to deforestation.

Because extractives industries tend to be very close to water bodies, there is a risk of pollution, contamination and spills. There is also the risk of fire accidents. This can lead to extensive damages and loss of life. In the past, extractives industry has been criticized for its effect on the environment. However, it has been found that most of the environmental effects are caused by other factors, such as transportation and manufacturing processes. Efforts are being made to protect the environment from these harmful elements.

The health hazards of hazardous drugs are increasing day by day. Since the healthcare workers who deal with these drugs are also in great danger, adequate protection must be provided. Extractives industries are playing a vital role in protecting healthcare workers. But, this should only be done after considering all the adverse effects it can cause to the mankind.

It is obvious that extractive industries will continue to exist. But, they have to abide by the safety guidelines contained in the occupational health manual. Health experts have been stating that hazardous drugs can cause short term as well as long-term health hazards, depending on the amount of exposure and the procedure used for their preparation. It is recommended that all pharmaceutical professionals implementing drugs in any form or variety should wear protective equipment while handling them. All workers involved in drug manufacturing and processing areas must strictly implement safety measures while working with hazardous drugs. This will ensure complete safety when working with these drugs.

Pharmaceutical manufacturing industry has introduced various safety equipment to minimize the risks of health hazards created by drugs. These include biological safety cabinets, personal protective equipment and closed system drug transfer devices. Proper usage of these safety devices and equipment will definitely reduce the risks of exposures to hazardous drugs. But, it is very important to use these products properly in order to reap complete benefits from these drugs.